What is 1827?

February 20: Battle of



  • January 5 – The first regatta in Australia is held, taking place on Tasmania (called at the time Van Diemen's Land), on the River Derwent at Hobart.1
  • January 15 – Furman University, founded in 1826, begins its first classes with 10 students, as the Furman Academy and Theological Institution, located at Edgefield, South Carolina.2 By the end of 2016, it will have 2,800 students at its main campus in Greenville, South Carolina.
  • January 27 – Author Johann Wolfgang von Goethe first elaborates on his vision of Weltliteratur (world literature), in a letter to Johann Peter Eckermann, declaring his belief that "poetry is the universal possession of mankind", and that "the epoch of world literature is at hand, and each must work to hasten its coming."3
  • January 30 – The first public theatre in Norway, the Christiania Offentlige Theater, is inaugurated in Oslo.
  • February 20 – Battle of Ituzaingó (Passo do Rosário): A Brazilian Imperial Army force is tactically defeated by Argentine–Uruguayan troops.
  • February 28 – The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is incorporated, becoming the first railroad in the United States offering commercial transportation of both people and freight.
  • March 7
  • March 11 – The new state constitution for the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas is ratified, including a phasing-out of slavery in its Article 13, which declares that "From and after the promulgation of the constitution in the capital of each district, no one shall be born a slave in the state, and after six months the introduction of slaves under any pretext shall not be permitted."4 The prohibition of importing slaves from the United States was lifted when Texas declared independence in 1836, and the Republic of Texas Constitution provided specifically that Africans and "the descendants of Africans" will not be considered "citizens of the republic".
  • March 16 – Freedom's Journal, the first African-American owned and published newspaper in the United States, is founded in New York City by John Russwurm.
  • March 26 – German composer Ludwig van Beethoven dies in Vienna, after a prolonged illness. Thousands of citizens line the streets for the funeral procession 3 days later.




October 20: Naval Battle of Navarino by Ambroise Louis

  • November – The term "socialist" is coined by Robert Owen in his London periodical, The Co-operative Magazine and Monthly Herald.101112
  • November 24 – Voting is completed in elections for France's 430 member Chamber of Deputies. The Ultraroyalistes, supporters of King Charles X, lose their 233-seat majority and finish with 180 seats, the same number as the opposition Doctrinaires.13
  • December 20 – Mexico passes its first "expulsion law", providing for citizens of Spain to be expelled within the next six months, and to remain barred from re-entry until the Kingdom of Spain recognizes Mexico's 1810 declaration of independence. Ultimately, because of all the exemptions within the expulsion act, only 1,779 of the 6,610 Spaniards were required to leave.14

Date unknown



<img src="Joseph_Lister_1902.jpg" title="Joseph Lister" width="110" alt="Joseph Lister" /> <img src="Ramon_Emeterio_Betances_sitting.jpg" title="Ramón Emeterio Betances" width="110" alt="Ramón Emeterio Betances" />


<img src="Lopez1870.jpg" title="Francisco Solano López" width="110" alt="Francisco Solano López" /> <img src="Jekatyerina_Mihajlovna_of_Russia.jpg" title="Grand Duchess Catherine Mikhailovna of Russia" width="110" alt="Grand Duchess Catherine Mikhailovna of Russia" /> <img src="Egw1899.jpg" title="Ellen G. White" width="110" alt="Ellen G. White" />



<img src="Beethoven.jpg" title="Ludwig van Beethoven" width="110" alt="Ludwig van Beethoven" /> <img src="Alessandro_Volta.jpeg" title="Alessandro Volta" width="110" alt="Alessandro Volta" />


<figure> <img src="Augustin_Fresnel.jpg" title="Augustin-Jean Fresnel" width="110" alt="Augustin-Jean Fresnel" /> <figcaption aria-hidden="true"><a href="Augustin-Jean_Fresnel" title="wikilink">Augustin-Jean Fresnel</a></figcaption> </figure>


Original source: 1827. Shared with Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License


  1. Stephen Gard, Port Jackson Pullers: Australia's Early Sculling Champions (BlueDawe Books, 2014) p32

  2. "Furman University" in The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture, (Volume 17: Education), Clarence L. Mohr, ed. (UNC Press Books,

    1. p221
  3. Theo D'haen, The Routledge Concise History of World Literature (Routledge, 2013) p5

  4. Randolph B. Campbell, et al., The Laws of Slavery in Texas: Historical Documents and Essays (University of Texas Press, 2010) p14

  5. "A Photo-engraving of 1826", in The Process Photogram and Illustrator (January 1905), p82

  6. John Frost, History of Ancient and Modern Greece (Lincoln and Edmands, 1831) p355

  7. Afaf Lutfi al-Sayyid Marsot, Egypt in the Reign of Muhammad Ali (Cambridge University Press, 1984) p208

  8. John Harrison, Robert Owen and the Owenites in Britain and America: The Quest for the New Moral World (Routledge, 2009) p35

  9. James H. Billington, Fire in the Minds of Men: Origins of the Revolutionary Faith (Transaction Publishers, 1999) p245

  10. "Socialism", in Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society, by Raymond Williams (Oxford University Press, 2014) p224

  11. Gilles Jacoud, Political Economy and Industrialism: Banks in Saint-Simonian Economic Thought (Routledge, 2010)

  12. Timothy E. Anna, Forging Mexico, 1821-1835 (University of Nebraska Press, 2001) p203