What is (164121) 2003 yt1?


| orbit_ref       = 3
| epoch           = 23 March 2018 (JD 2458200.5)
| uncertainty     = 0
| observation_arc = 35.41 yr (12,934 d)
| aphelion        = 1.4335 AU
| perihelion      = 0.7857 AU
| semimajor       = 1.1096 AU
| eccentricity    = 0.2919
| period          = 1.17 yr (427 d)
| mean_anomaly    = 11.417°
| mean_motion     = `` / day
| inclination     = 44.064°
| asc_node        = 38.335°
| arg_peri        = 91.042°
| moid            = 0.0027 AU (1.0519 LD)
| satellites      = 1 45
| mean_diameter   = 6
| rotation        = 10
| albedo          = 14
| spectral_type   = V202122
| abs_magnitude   = 16.2232425


****, provisional designation , is a bright asteroid and synchronous binary system on a highly eccentric orbit, classified as near-Earth object and potentially hazardous asteroid of the Apollo group, approximately in diameter. It was discovered on 18 December 2003, by astronomers with the Catalina Sky Survey at the Catalina Station near Tucson, Arizona, in the United States.27 The V-type asteroid has a short rotation period of 2.3 hours.28 Its 210-meter sized minor-planet moon was discovered at Arecibo Observatory in May 2004.2930

Orbit and classification

is a member of the Earth-crossing group of Apollo asteroids, the largest group of near-Earth objects with approximately 10 thousand known members.3132

It orbits the Sun at a distance of 0.8–1.4 AU once every 1 years and 2 months (427 days; semi-major axis of 1.11 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.29 and an inclination of 44° with respect to the ecliptic.33 The body's observation arc begins with a precovery taken at the Siding Spring Observatory in November 1989, more than 14 years prior to its official discovery observation at Catalina.34

Close approaches and Torino rating

The asteroid has an Earth minimum orbital intersection distance of , which corresponds to 1.05 lunar distances and makes it a potentially hazardous asteroid due to its sufficiently large size.35 On the Torino Scale, this object was rated level 1 on 27 December 2003 with an observation arc of 8.7 days.36 It was removed from the risk table on 29 December 2003.37 Over the next ten million years the asteroid has a 6% chance of impacting Earth.38

On 30 April 2004 it made a close approach at a nominal distance of , and on 31 October 2016, it passed Earth at . The asteroid's closest encounter with Earth will be on 29 April 2073, when it is projected to pass at only (see table).39

has unique orbital characteristics among minor planets. It is the only known binary asteroid to have an Earth MOID within the Moon's Apogee. 40

<table> <caption>Earth Approach on 3 November 2023<a href="#fn1" class="footnote-ref" id="fnref1" role="doc-noteref"><sup>1</sup></a></caption> <thead> <tr class="header"> <th><p>Date</p></th> <th><p><a href="JPL_Horizons" title="wikilink">JPL Horizons</a> <a href="Curve_fitting" title="wikilink">nominal</a> geocentric distance (<a href="astronomical_unit" title="wikilink">AU</a>)</p></th> <th><p>uncertainty region (<a href="3-sigma" title="wikilink">3-sigma</a>)</p></th> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr class="odd"> <td><p>2023-Nov-03 12:33</p></td> <td><p><a href="#fn2" class="footnote-ref" id="fnref2" role="doc-noteref"><sup>2</sup></a></p></td> <td><p>±<a href="#fn3" class="footnote-ref" id="fnref3" role="doc-noteref"><sup>3</sup></a></p></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <section class="footnotes footnotes-end-of-document" role="doc-endnotes"> <hr /> <ol> <li id="fn1" role="doc-endnote"></li> <li id="fn2" role="doc-endnote"></li> <li id="fn3" role="doc-endnote"></li> </ol> </section>

Earth Approach on 3 November 202341

Meteor stream

On 28 April 2017, a fragment of is suspected of having impacted Earth creating a fireball over Kyoto, Japan.42 The fragment would have broken off the parent body within the last ten thousand years.

Physical characteristics

Animation of Arecibo radar images showing 's rotation and its
satellite's orbital motion on 3 May

This object has been characterized as a bright Vestian-like V-type asteroid.434445

Rotation period

Several rotational lightcurve of this asteroid have been obtained from photometric observations ().46474849 Analysis of the best-rated lightcurve gave a short rotation period of 2.343 hours with a brightness amplitude between 0.16 and 0.27 magnitude.50

Diameter and albedo

According to radar observations with the Arecibo Observatory and the survey carried out by the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, this asteroid measures between 1.0 and 1.717 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.198 and 0.4861.5152535455

The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link derives an albedo of 0.5848 and adopts a diameter of 1.0 kilometer based on an absolute magnitude of 16.2.56


The Arecibo radar observations in May 2004 revealed that is a synchronous binary asteroid.57 Follow-up observations confirmed a 210-meter sized minor-planet moon orbiting its primary every 30 hours at a distance of 2.7 km.5859

Numbering and naming

This minor planet was numbered by the Minor Planet Center on 26 September 2007 ().60 As of 2018, it has not been named.61


External links

Original source: (164121) 2003 yt1. Shared with Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License


  1. NASA.gov